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上海电力学院学报:2019,35(6):587-596
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我国发电产业有序发展的激励相容性研究
(上海电力学院 经济与管理学院)
Research on Incentive Compatibility for Orderly Development of China's Power Generation Industry
(School of Economics and Management, Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai 200090, China)
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投稿时间:2019-04-06    
中文摘要: "十三五"规划初期,我国发电产业仍然存在无序发展的现象,导致火力发电产能过剩、可再生能源发电"三弃"限电等问题,且中国新一轮电力体制改革和供给侧结构性改革不断推进,电力市场构建尚未完善,仅从市场和产业的角度,无法有效解释上述问题。从产业发展现状和发展规划要求的层面,分析了发电产业有序发展的必要性;基于经济学一般理论,从有效监管的角度,构建了激励相容机制。激励相容性是在保证企业信息真实披露的前提下,引导产业有序发展,从而实现政府对发电企业的有效监管。通过权衡企业利润、社会福利以及长期效用,引导发电企业在政府产业规划所期望的发电技术投入水平进行电力生产;再由政府以优先发电权的形式进行奖励和补偿,激励发电企业有序地进行电源投资。最后得到了研究结论,并提出了相应政策的建议。
Abstract:In the early stage of the "13th Five-Year" period,such a phenomenon as disorderly development of China's power industry still exists,resulting in the excess supply of thermal power,the curtailment of renewables and other problems.Meanwhile,with the implementation of China's new round of electric power system reform and the supply-side structural reform,the power market construction is not perfect,hence we cannot effectively explain the above problems just from the perspective of industry and market.The necessity of the orderly development of Chinese power industry is analyzed with respect to the current situation of the industrial development and the requirements of the development planning.Based on the general theory of economics,from the perspective of effective supervision,the incentive compatibility mechanism is designed.The purpose of incentive compatibility is to guide the orderly development of the power industry,to ensure the true report of corporate information,and to realize the government's effective supervision to the orderly development of power industry.By evaluating the profit,the social welfare and the future utility,the enterprises will be able to produce electricity under the government's expected level of investment.Then,the government will provide some incentives and compensation to encourage the orderly power investment by giving priority to power generation enterprises.Finally,the research conclusion is drawn,and the policy recommendations are put forward.
文章编号:     中图分类号:F401.3;F407.2    文献标志码:
基金项目:上海市哲学社会科学规划青年课题(2018EJL001);上海高校青年教师培养资助计划(ZZsdl18007)。
引用文本:
刘平阔,彭欢.我国发电产业有序发展的激励相容性研究[J].上海电力学院学报,2019,35(6):587-596.
LIU Pingkuo,PENG Huan.Research on Incentive Compatibility for Orderly Development of China's Power Generation Industry[J].Journal of Shanghai University of Electric Power,2019,35(6):587-596.